With the weather varying from 30 degrees to 60 degrees, this is a good month to match these temperature swings with both indoor and outdoor activities. Here are your January Gardening Tips.
Clean out your garage or gardening shed. Examine your garden tools carefully. Clean off any dirt or debris. Bring any pruning/cutting tools to be sharpened. Change the oil on your mower or bring it to a shop for a tune up. Sharp blades and equipment that you can rely on will make all of your gardening activities more fun!
Remember to water your turf grass, trees and shrubs one time per month according to current municipal watering guidelines.
Fruit and nut trees are best planted now. Some fruit trees require “chilling days ” to bear fruit and getting them in the ground now will give them a great start.
Trees! If you need to replace a tree or want to add a shade tree to give your roof-line some relief next summer, this is a perfect time to do so. And did you know that Bruce Miller Nursery offers a “planted and guaranteed” program for our trees? Come in and select the one you want and let us take care of the rest.
Pansies! It is still a good time to plant vibrant, colorful and cold hardy pansies. These are great plants to liven up your garden while many other plants are moving into dormancy.
Vegetables! Onions can be planted this month, and prepare the beds for your early spring vegetables.
Spring bulbs including any that you have had “chilling” in the refrigerator can still be put in the ground. Remember to bury them approximately 2-3 times their size with the pointy end up. Bulbs are best when planted in masses, so go ahead and dig the hole, empty the bag of bulbs in the hole, smooth them out so there is only one layer, cover with soil, plant some pansies on top and enjoy the show of color in spring!
Shrubs such as nandinas, lorapetalums, mahonias, hollies, pyracanthas. Plant now to enjoy their colorful winter foliage/berries.
Fruit Trees: trim as needed to maintain shape, remove strong vertical shoots.
Summer flowering shrubs and vines: remove only what is necessary. Heavy pruning results in vegetative growth at the expense of flowering.
Mistletoe! This is a parasite that must be removed to stop it. Cut the twigs, branches on which the clumps have formed.
Trees and shrubs: remove any dead or damaged branches, and ones that are interfering with walkways, roofs, etc. Do not “top” your trees. Trim only what is necessary for the health of the plant and to maintain the plant’s shape. Remove tree roots that are a hazard to people or threaten foundations.
Crape Myrtles: Trim excess trunks if you are taking the plant from a shrub to tree form. DO Not “top”. Remove damaged or rubbing branches.
Mulch: check all beds to ensure you have a 2-4″ layer of mulch. Mulch will not only help retain moisture but it serves to regulate temperatures helping to protect your roots during the cold weather.
Freeze or Frost warnings: Water all containers and beds; cover containers and other tender plants with freeze cloth or blankets, disconnect all hoses and cover outdoor faucets.
Broad-leaf weeds: Clover, dandelions, henbit, and chickweed can be handled by applying a broad-leaf weedkiller spray on a warm afternoon.